Last modified: 2013-07-20 by ian macdonald
Keywords: vietnam | vietcong | national liberation front |
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The NLF of Vietnam (Vietcong) adopted a horizontally red over
blue flag with a yellow star in the centre. This flag was
that of the (communist) Republic of South Vietnam, adopted on
8 June, 1969. It became the only flag of South Vietnam
between April, 30, 1975 (when the anti-communist regime
collapsed) until 2 July 1975 (when North and South Vietnam
were united as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam). Ratio 2.3.
Jaume Ollé - June 1996 and Mark Sensen - 18 September 1997
The "Vietcong" flag was simply a Communist flag with a blue
half. The blue half quickly dissolved on May 1st 1975 (not
July 2 1975), at the "reunification speech" of Le Duan, then
Communist Party's Secretary General, in Saigon. Even founding
members of the NLF (e.g. Nguyễn Hô) now admit that they
were simply Communist Vietnam (North Vietnam) with a
different flag. Nguyễn Hô is now under house arrest for
revealing these secrets.
Linh T. Tran - 5 December 1997
I have heard a story (probably apocryphal, but who's to say?)
that the Vietcong flag indicated unified control (the gold
star) over the communist north and capitalist south (red and
blue). Once the south was also communist, there was no
further need for the blue on the flag. Anyone else know
anything about that one?
James Dignan, 10 December 1997
Yes, you're probably right. The official meaning of the blue
stripe of the "Vietcong" flag (or that of the "Republic of
South Vietnam" - don't confuse with the Republic of Vietnam
with a yellow, three-striped flag!) is "still unliberated
area", i.e. the capitalist South. After "liberation" (to
remain politically correct, I'll not comment this term) and
especially after unification of "both states", the blue color
Jan Zrzavy - 10 December 1997
image by Pete Loeser, 20 October 2012
The drawing [at top of this page] of the Viet Cong flag shows a small
centered yellow star on a red and blue striped background. But take a look at
the flag we captured (and I mean we, as I was there). The flag had large white
star on the center, as in the drawing I made. I am sure there were variants,
but I know this one was real.
Peter A. Loeser, 1 December 2008
I have a National Liberation front flag (Viet Cong) with added 3” black
horizontal stripe on red color. What does the black signify?
Benjamin D. Saavedra, 5 February 2010
As a Vietnam veteran I saw very few actual VC flags like the one shown at the
top of this page. This was because they were all hand-made, one-of-a-kind flags.
For example, during my tour we captured a VC flag with large white star on a
red-blue vertical field, and one with a large yellow star with a red-white
vertical striped field. These are both shown on my
website. My point is
that every VC unit used their own variants of the "official" National Liberation
Front flag and chances are that yours is one of these. However, if the black
stripe has special significance I look forward to learning what it is.
Pete Loeser, 5 February 2010
image by Pete Loeser, 20 October 2012
National Liberation Front Flag (variant captured in 1969)
An interesting story about this Viet Cong Flag was that it probably is the only flag ever captured by a hovering helicopter in a combat zone. In 1969, the flag was snatched by a helicopter crew about 100 yards from Firebase Barbara by the door gunner as the helicopter hovered above the flag left on a pole by Viet Cong soldiers. Fearing the flag to be booby trapped, the helicopter crew first exploded a hand grenade near the flag before swooping down to grab it. The pilot was Warrant Officer Harry Oberg of the First Brigade, First Air Calvary, stationed near Tay Ninh, Vietnam. Apparently, some people will do anything to get a souvenir flag.
Text Source: Pete Loeser - Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - http://www.loeser.us/flags/cold.html#vietnam
Pete Loeser, 20 October 2012
image by Tomislav Todorovic, 19 January 2013
Another variant of the Vietcong flag can be found in an article about the
80th anniversary of its founding:
The photo: http://www.tuyengiao.vn/Uploads2010/thanhmai/MTDT1.jpg has a caption which reveals that it was taken in Tay Ninh, on 1969-06-06. It also shows the flag of the Alliance of National Democratic and Peaceful Forces of Vietnam, which was briefly mentioned in the text as well. Note that the stars on both flags are the same as on the 1945-1955 flag of North Vietnam.
Tomislav Todorovic, 19 January 2013