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Proposals for a flag of Quebec, 1903-1904

Indépendatistes du Québec

Last modified: 2012-08-09 by rob raeside
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Proposal of 1903 - the Carillon-Sacré-Coeur

[Proposal for Quebec 1903 - Carillon - SacreCoeur]
by Luc Baronian

In 1903, a study committee added a Sacred Heart to the precedent flag. This new flag was known as the Carillon-Sacré-Coeur. Many, including the creator of the original flag, disliked the religious element that had been added.

So, both versions were used in nationalist events in Canada and the USA for the first half of the 20th century.

On 11 November 1926, the government of Quebec recognized the Carillon-Sacré-Coeur as the flag of the Société Saint Jean Baptiste.
Luc-Vartan Baronian, 25 March 1997


In 1902 Abbé Elphège Filatrault hoisted over his presbytery in St. Hyacinth a version of the Carillon flag--a flag of blue with white fleur-de-lis placed in each corner pointing to the centre-- traversed by a white cross. It was enthusiastically received and led to the formation of committees to propose a nation flag for French-Canadians.

In 1903, the image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus above two wreaths of maple leaves in saltire, was placed in the centre of the white cross.

The Sacred Heart image derives from the devotions fo the heart of Jesus, initiated by the French visionary nun, St. Margaret Mary Alacoque. This Catholic practice had increased considerably by the 200th anniversary of her death in 1890. The new flag of the Canadians came to be called their national flag and was raised in western Canada as well as in Québec.

In 1935, the journal ACTION NATIONALE argued for the suppression of the religious emblem. The desire arose for a simple fleur-de-lis flag.

Efforts by Quebeckers (Québécois) in 1945 and 1946 to get the Canadian government to adopt a distinctive national flag (un drapeau véritablement canadien) for Canada were unsuccessful, so they lobbied their own government to take action. In 1948, an official flag was proclaimed by Order-in-Council of the Québec government. The flag, generally called the 'fleur-de-lis flag,; bears a white cross on a sky blue field and with a white fleur-de-lis i each corner modified so that each fleur-de-lis is placed in a vertical position. The flag's official proportions are six by four. The arms of the cross are one unit wide.  In 1952, the Québec legislature approved the flag. The tone of the blue has darkened over the years. Could this be a further attempt to secularize the flag?

Whereas the older flags mentioned above were flown by French-Canadians throughout Canada, Québec's flag is specific to Québec. Acadians and other francophone groups in Canada have developed their own flags.

excerpt from: Harrington, Kevin, "The Name, Colours, and Symbols of Québec," NAVA News, January/February 1998.

The Carillon-Sacre-Coeur Timothy posted uses the wrong style of fleur de lys.

This style is used on the present Quebec flag and didn't exist back then.

Luc-Vartan Baronian, 19 May 1998


[Proposal for Quebec 1903 - Carillon - variant]
by Jaume Ollé and Luc-Vartan Baronian

[Proposal for Quebec 1903 - Carillon - variant]
by Jaume Ollé and Luc-Vartan Baronian

Other variations were sometimes seen, here: statue of Sacred Heart of Montreal and a maple leaf.

Luc-Vartan Baronian, 25 March 1997

Proposals of 1904

[Proposal for Quebec 1904]
by Jaume Ollé and Luc-Vartan Baronian

[Proposal for Quebec 1904]
by Jaume Ollé and Luc-Vartan Baronian

The first variation of the Carillon above was proposed by Abbot A. Baillargé in 1904. It has the Arms of Quebec as represented at the time at the entrance of the Parliament's Building in Quebec.

note: I inversed the colours on the chief, as they should be on the 1868 Arms of Quebec.
Luc-Vartan Baronian, 26 March 1997