Last modified: 2015-01-17 by antónio martins
Keywords: chile | star: 5 points (white) | vertical | coat of arms: per fess (star) |
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The Captaincy-General of Chile won its independence in 1810 and adopted a horizontal tricolour of blue-white-yellow, known as the Bandera de la Patria Vieja (Flag of the Old Fatherland). From 1814-1816, Spain reconquered the jurisdiction and used their own flags. In 1817, months after independence had been re-established, another fesswise tricolour was adopted: blue-white-red. In the autumn of 1817, Governor Fernando Lastra of Valparaíso wrote the central government asking for clarification on which tricolour should be used. The response by Supreme Director Bernardo O'Higgins was a decree, dated 18 October 1817, that established the current flag, La Estrella solitaria (The Lone Star); also known as the Bandera de la Patria Nueva (Flag of the New Fatherland).
Of the various interpretations of the colours, the most popular is that the white is the snow on the Andes mountains, the blue is the ocean and sky, the red is the blood shed for independence and the lone star is for civic virtues. This flag is part of the United States flag family, thus, if the Chilean flag is hoisted vertically, the reverse is shown so that the star remains in the top left position to the viewer.
Alex Garofolo, 16 Jan 2015
The Album 2000 [pay00] says (pages CH 1.1 & CH 1.2):
1. National flag. 2:3 (1+1):(1+2)Željko Heimer, 09 Apr 2001
Official undated publication
About our Flag states
that «the size of the star was fixed in 1912». My own spec, shows the star at
one-quarter the hoist, with the circle that contains it being centred
rather than the star itself. The same source also says that
«the exact layout of the panel and stripes was fixed by
legislation dated 4 July 1854», and later that «the flag
was last regulated in a law of 18 October 1967».
Christopher Southworth, 13 Dec 2005
The size of the star of the Chilean flag is defined by Law
No. 2597 (January 11, 1912) as «the diameter of the star
will be half the side of the blue square [canton]». (The
same rule of the star size goes for the Presidential
Francisco Gregoric, 26 Mar 2006
In Album 2000 [pay00], page
CH 1.1 (Chile), Fig. 1 (national flag) has an additional black line around
the blue field. No doubt, unintentionally.
Željko Heimer, 11 Jan 2001
The only official definition found so far is simply «blue»,
«white» and «red» at the website of the Presidency of
Ville Koistinen, 08 Feb 2006
There are, at least as far as I have be able to discover, no officially
recommended/specified colours for the Chilean flag.
The Album des Pavillons [pay00]
recommends red 186C
and blue 286C
the Flag Institute of Great Britain red 032C
and also blue 286C
(although these are simply default shades in
the absence of anything official). I do have an official illustration of
the flag, which whilst not being in any way definitive, would suggest that
for the blue is about right, but that the red might be closer to
Christopher Southworth, 08 Feb 2006
The vertical use of the Chilean flag is used with the star at left, as is said in the Decreto Supremo Nº 1.534 (Supreme Decree No. 1534):
Artículo 3°. - […] Cuando no fuere posible izarla en un asta o mástil, se la colocará extendida totalmente en forma horizontal o vertical, debiendo quedar en ambos casos, el cuadro azul en la parte superior y a la izquierda del espectador. […]Translation: «Article 3°. - [... ]When it shall not be possible to hoist it on a flagsataff or mast, it will be hung totally extended in horizontal or vertical form, and the blue square should remain, in both cases, in the upper portion and to the left of spectator.[... ]»
What if the spectators can see it from both sides?
António Martins, 27 Oct 2005
The presidential flag and
Minister of Defence flag show
the coat of arms overall.
António Martins, 16 May 2000
According to the Album [pay00],
the star has eight black nervations. The bird has green
feathers, a white “collar” and brown head (except the beak,
which is yellow). The shield has a yellow fimbriation.
Ivan Sache, 09 Apr 2001
The motto says «Por la razón o la fuerza»,
translatable as «By right or might».
Santiago Dotor, 19 May 2000
If I recall correctly, both flags are equally acceptable
without the ribbon that carries the motto.
Željko Heimer, 18 May 2000
The book [rya97] shows the scroll.
António Martins, 16 May 2000
Flaggenbuch 1905 [ruh05]
does not have the motto nor nervations, nor does
Flaggenbuch 1925 [d9e26] and
Flaggenbuch 1939 [neu39].
I believe that image is an error (using the arms without scroll from an
other flag, the presidential flag
that is above on the same page) but could also be an older version. The
presidential flag has the arms like the ones in Flaggenbuch 1905
(similar to the ones in 1939). The Ministry
of Defense is a modern flag and the arms must be the modern ones and
not the 1905 or 1939 ones.
Jaume Ollé, 28 May 2000, 12 Apr 2001 and 04 Oct 2002
Army page on the national and army coats of arms says the motto
was added to the arms in 1920.
Flaggenbuch 1925 [d9e26]
and 1939 [neu39]
may have been behind in their information, or perhaps the flags
were not changed immediately when the coat of arms was changed.
The army page attributes the motto to Bernardo
O’Higgins, the father of Chilean independence.
Joe McMillan, 04 Oct 2002
Anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page.