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Prešov city, Slovakia

Prešov okres, Prešov region

Last modified: 2011-04-01 by andrew weeks
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Prešov flag

Prešov flag submitted through Rob Raeside, 27 July 1999

Prešov (Hungarian: Eperjes; German: Eperies or Preschau; Ruthenian Prjašiv has 87.765 inhabitants (0,9% Hungarians, more Ruthenians; 1990 census). In 1910: 16.323 inhabitants (48,9% Hungarian, 39,8% Slovakian, 8,6% German and 1,0% Rumanian). The city was the capital of Sáros (in Slovakian Šaríš) County of Hungary until 1918/1920 (Declaration of Martin). 1920-1938 Czechoslovakian, 1939-1945 Slovakian, and 1945-1992 Czechoslovakian. In 1919 the city was the capital of the Slovakian Soviet Republic for some days. The city lies on the banks of the Torysa (Tarca) River. It was an important site in the Age of the Halstatt Culture. Quads and Gepids lived there too. The city was founded by King Béla II. in 1132. The king gave the name of the city after the strawberries or mulberries (Eperjes or epres means strawberry (fields)) - by the Legend. It is first mentioned in 1233. The city became a free Royal Town in 1324 by King Charles. In 1687 the "Hangman of  Prešov", General Caraffa tormented 300 citizens and their 24 leader were executed. In 1849 the Slovakian Revolt in opposition to the Hungarian Revolution was begun. The leader of the Revolt in Prešov was Hurban. The City is the center of the Ruthenians in Slovakia
István Molnár, 26 Jun 2000


Prešov mayor's flag

Prešov mayor's flag image by Jarig Bakker, 6 Sep 2006

Looking at your page for Prešov city, Slovakia, I would like to offer the info on a new web page, which includes the Mayor's standard.
John Udics, 6 Sep 2006


Prešov old flag

[Prešov old flag] by Jan Kravcik, 16 June 2000

The old flag of the city - the blue and yellow colours came from the old coat of arms of 1558.
Jan Kravcik, 16 June 2000 


Prešov Coat of Arms

Prešov Coat of Arms from http://www.tatrahome.sk/revue/erby/ . (!Link does not work any more!)

The town emblem consists of Gothic Shield, that has a silver head with three roses in it. The lower part is three times divided (red and silver stripes). The town colours are red and silver.
Source: Prešov city website.

Is there any possibility to see what the old coat of arms of 1558 looks like?
John Udics, 6 Sep 2006

Ralf Hartemink writes: "The oldest arms of Prešov date from the early 15th century and showed a strawberry. The strawberry was canting for the Hungarian name of the city Eperjes (eper=strawberry). When the Hungarian elite decreased the city adopted new arms with three roses. The present arms were granted in 1453 and haven't changed since.
Literature : Kartous et al, 1991; Slowakei - Spaziergänge durch die Jahrhunderte der Städte und Städchen. Piroda, Bratislava, 1994 (German version, ISBN 80-07-00531-5); Kartous and Vrteľ , 2000".
Jarig Bakker, 6 Sep 2006