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President of Senegal

Last modified: 2013-04-22 by rob raeside
Keywords: senegal | president |
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Presidents

[Presidential flag of Senegal] 3:4~  image by Željko Heimer

[Presidential flag of Senegal] 3:4~ ? image by Željko Heimer

[Presidential flag of Senegal] 3:4~ ? image by Olivier Touzeau, 2 December 2012

The flag of the president of the Republic of Senegal was of equal design as the national flag with initials of the president in black added around the star. The flag was of somewhat shorter ratio (Smith in [smi80] designates it as 3:4~). The presidents of Senegal are listed from Rulers site:

6 Sep 1960 - 31 Dec 1980 : Léopold Sédar Senghor (born 1906 - died 2001)
1 Jan 1981 - 1 Apr 2000 : Abdou Diouf (born 1935)
1 Apr 2000 - 2 April 2012: Abdoulaye Wade (born 1926)
2 Apr 2012-    Macky Sall(born 1961)

The image of the Sengor's flag is shown in [smi75] and [smi80]. That of Diouf and a hypothetical flag of Wade are documented in L'Album [pay], and also reported by Jaume Ollé, but without the images. Diouf's flag is reconstructed here. (As confirmed later, president Wade does not use a flag with his initials.)
Željko Heimer
, 8 November 2000

Abdoulaye Wade presidency

I was just warned that the actual President Wade decided NOT to put his initials on the flag. This (the AW-flag) will not appear in oncoming Album 2000.  The new presidential standard is similar to the national flag.
Armand du Payrat, 8 November 2000

[Presidential flag of Senegal] 3:4~ ? image by Olivier Touzeau, 2 December 2012

I found on the internet a picture which has been taken before or in February 2012, so probably during the end of Abdoulaye Wade's presidency, where the smaller flag seems to bear the letters A and W at the lower part of the yellow stripe (it is hard to see with accuracy but I think a W can obviously be seen on the lower right part of the yellow stripe): http://yahoo.marseille.bondyblog.fr/images/Dakar.jpg. Based on this, I drew the flag (above).
Olivier Touzeau, 2 December 2012


Current presidential flag

I was in Dakar in November 2012 and could take a picture of the presidential palace, where one could see of course a big national flag flying, and, beneath, a smaller flag with, on the lower part of the yellow stripe, the letters M and S (for president Macky Sall). I was told the the smaller flag with the letters is hoisted when the president is on the Senegalese territory.
Olivier Touzeau, 2 December 2012


Léopold Sédar Senghor

L. Senghor was born from the ethnic group Séréré in Joal in 1906. He did all of his studies in France and was the first African to success in the grammar "agregation"* (one of the highest diplomas in French University). In 1934, he founded with Aimé Césaire (from Martinique) and Léon Damas (from French Guyana) the review "L'Etudiant noir" (The black Student), in which the concept of "négritude" was exposed for the first time. In 1945, Senghor was elected deputy of Senegal at the Constituant Assembly and published his first anthology of poems "Chants d'ombre" (Shadow songs). He rapidly left the Socialist Party and organized African autonomous movements. He was appointed State Secretary at the Council Presidency (1955-56) and
Minister under General de Gaulle (1959). After the breakdown of the Mali Federation, he became the first president of Senegal in 1960 (until 1981).  

Senghor did not stop his writing activity and released several anthologies of poems. He is the first African to have been admitted to the French Academy (1984).]

* When he joined the Army, he was asked by a moronic sergeant : "Toi y en a être quoi ?" (something like "What da ya you being what?", an infamous "traditional" way of joking about the way Africans are supposed to speak French), and naturally answered: "Moi y en a être agrege de grammaire francaise" ("Me I to be 'agrege de grammaire francaise' ") I learned this story from a Guadeloupean fellow (M.Sc. in economical sciences) during my stay in the Army in 1987, who had had the same kind of "discussion" with a sergeant.
Ivan Sache
, 30 November 2000