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House Flags of U.S. Shipping Companies: P

Last modified: 2013-06-23 by rob raeside
Keywords: united states shipping lines |
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Philadelphia & Reading Transportation Line

[Philadelphia and Reading Transportation Line]  by Joe McMillan

Philadelphia & Reading Transportation Line, Philadelphia (Sources: Lloyds 1912, Wedge (1926)
Established by the Reading Railroad to deliver anthracite coal from northeastern Pennsylvania to New York and New England via Philadelphia. The flag was red with a black anchor set diagonally and a black diamond (presumably symbolizing hard coal) in each corner.
Joe McMillan, 14 November 2001


Philadelphia & Southern Mail Steamship Co

[Philadelphia and Southern Mail Steamship Co]  by Joe McMillan

Philadelphia & Southern Mail Steamship Co. (Source: Manning, 1874)
No information on this 19th century company. The flag was red with a white disk.
Joe McMillan, 14 November 2001


Philadelphia Transatlantic Line (Charles M. Taylor's Sons)

[Philadelphia Transatlantic Line]  by Joe McMillan

Philadelphia Transatlantic Line (Charles M. Taylor's Sons), Philadelphia (Source: 1909 supplement to Flaggenbuch (1905)
No information, but an attractive flag--blue with a red vertical stripe at the hoist and a white three-leafed clover in the fly bearing the red letters PTL.
Joe McMillan, 14 November 2001


Philippines, Micronesia and Orient Navigation Company

Commonly referred to as PMOLine, in full 'Philippines, Micronesia and Orient Navigation Company', founded 1978 and based in San Francisco. Company history here: http://www.pmoline.com/history.html

The house flag is dark blue with a red central disk bearing what appears to be a white sail.
Jan Mertens, 2 April 2004


Phillips Petroleum Co

[Phillips Petroleum Co]  by Joe McMillan

Phillips Petroleum Co, Bartlesville, Oklahoma (1917-present) Source: Styring (1971)
Phillips Petroleum was founded in 1917 by two brothers who had hit their first oil well in 1905. The "66" brand name came from a quip that a car operating on the company's fuel wasn't going just 60 miles per hour, but 66. The incident occurred on the famous U.S. Highway 66, which the company envisioned as the axis of its gasoline distribution network, so the design of the shield--which is the shape of the route markers for the U.S. (as opposed to interstate or state) highway system--has been used by the company since 1927. Phillips currently operates five tankers to and from Alaska through its Polar Tankers subsidiary. As of the early 70s, the house flag was light blue with the "66" shield in red, white, and black.
Joe McMillan, 14 November 2001


Pickands Mather Steamship Co

[Pickands Mather Steamship Co]  by Joe McMillan

Pickands Mather Steamship Co, Duluth, Minnesota (Source: www.steamship.net (no longer available)
Pickands Mather was an iron ore mining and shipping company founded in 1883 by a group of Cleveland investors. Pickands Mather Steamship along with several other shipping subsidiaries of the company was merged into what is now Interlakes Steamship Co., formed in 1913, and later into a revamped, enlarged Interlakes in 1966. The parent company survived into the 1990s when it merged with Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Co. The flag of Pickands Mather was a red-white-blue vertical tricolor with the company monogram on the center in red.
Joe McMillan
, 14 November 2001


Pioneer Line of Australia Packets

[Pioneer Line of Australia Packets]  by Joe McMillan

Pioneer Line of Australia Packets, New York (later Australia)(1852-present?) (Source: Chart: Private Signals of the Merchants of New York)
Roderick W. Cameron was a Canadian who came to New York, like many other Canadians, to enter the shipping business. In 1852, in conjunction with the shipping broker and agent John Ogden, he opened this line of clippers to take advantage of the Australian gold rush--the last of the major clipper companies to be created. The name of the firm was changed to R. W. Cameron & Co. in 1870. Cameron later settled in Australia, was knighted, and his company (I believe) still exists, although others may know better than I whether it is still in the shipping business. The flag was a white burgee with a red cross, on the center a white lozenge with a blue A for Australia. Note the similarity to the flags of David Ogden's Red Cross Line and John Ogden's Pioneer Line.
Joe McMillan
, 14 November 2001

Pioneer Line of Australian Packets. Loughran (1979) appears to have got misled and shows this flag, though with a black "A", as being for John Ogden Pioneer Line.
Neale Rosanoski, 31 March 2004


Pittsburgh Steamship Company

[Pittsburgh Steamship Company]  by Joe McMillan

Pittsburgh Steamship Company, Cleveland (later Duluth) (1899-1981) (Source: www.steamship.net (no longer available))
In its prime, by far the largest Great Lakes shipping company company, at least of those under the American flag, Pittsburgh Steamship was founded by Andrew Carnegie (and was later a subsidiary of US Steel) to transport iron ore from the Mesabi Range of Minnesota to the company's mills on the shores of Lake Michigan and Lake Erie. In the early 20th century it operated well over 100 ships and barges on the lakes. In 1949, it was operating 62 ships totalling 700,000 gross tons, a fleet exceeding those of most of the largest US ocean shipping companies at the time. In 1953 it was renamed the Pittsburgh Steamship Division of US Steel, and in 1981 it was merged with other US Steel fleets operating on the Great Lakes to form USS Great Lakes Fleet, which is still in operation, albeit with far fewer vessels. At least early on, the Pittsburgh Steamship house flag was an unusual elongated swallowtailed pennant with a kind of 19th century look, white with a blue triangle at the hoist bearing a white P, with red stripes along the upper and lower edges, each charged with 14 white stars.
Joe McMillan
, 14 November 2001

See the last picture on this page, captioned "Pittsburgh Fleet Flag, 1960". The picture on the site is twice clickable and shows an additional star next to the 'P'. I cannot quite count the stars on the border but those in the upper row seem to be upside-down; a pity we cannot see the flag's tail completely. Lastly the 'P' seems to be on a trapezoid now rather than on a triangle.
Jan Mertens, 9 December 2005


Pocahontas Steamship Company

Pocahontas Steamship Company (pre 1915-post 1961)
This coastwise coal shipping line was a subsidiary of the Pocahontas Fuel Company and was mainly engaged in routes from Norfolk to New England. Its homeport is variously given as Salem, Norfolk, or New York. I have found two flags for this line:

[Pocahontas Steamship Company]  [Pocahontas Steamship Company]  by Joe McMillan

The first flag from Wedge (1926) is a white burgee with the initials P.S.Co. and blue edging along the upper, lower, and fly edges. [wed51] shows this flag with blue strips along the upper and lower edges only.  The second flag is from U.S. Navy - a white flag with the head of an American Indian woman (obviously if not convincingly intended to be Pocahontas) above a red geometrical pattern.
Joe McMillan
, 14 November 2001

[Pocahontas Steamship Company]   [Pocahontas Steamship Company] by Jarig Bakker

Pocahontas Steamship Co. The 1st flag said to be based on Brown 1951 does not agree with my copy or with Brown 1958 which both show a tapered swallowtail with a shallow fork, the top and bottom of the flag edged blue only i.e. not the fork, and the red letters being larger and in descending scale. Stewart (1953) and 1957 does however show a version with the fork also edged blue though again the letters are large and show a slight descending scale. According to Talbot-Booth (1936) the company originated as the Pocahontas Navigation Co.
Neale Rosanoski, 31 March 2004

[Allied Towing Corp. houseflag] image by Jan Mertens

An uncaptioned photo on this page is surely the flag of the Pocahontas Steamship Company although the picture on the Boatnerd site shows yet a fifth variant! This last version is a tapering swallowtail, bearing a white descending diagonal stripe (taking up almost half of the upper hoist, touching the upper edge, and completely taking up the lower swallowtail tongue; this leaves two triangles of which the upper one is blue and the lower one, red. In the white stripe are blue initials ‘P.S. Co.’ without serifs. The two triangles are unequal in surface or form surely but on the other hand the tongues are neatly divided blue above white.

Jan Mertens, 20 September 2005


Polarus Steamship Company

[Polaris Steamship Company]  by Joe McMillan

Polarus Steamship Company  (Source: U.S. Navy)
No information on the company. The flag was a white pennant with a blue-bordered white star surrounded by a blue circle; on the center of the star a red P.
Joe McMillan
, 14 November 2001


Pollard Steamship Co.

[Pollard Steamship Company]  by Joe McMillan

Pollard Steamship Co, San Francisco (early 20th century) (Source: Lloyds 1912)
I have nothing on this company other than that it was in existence in the 1911-1912 period. The flag was a red swallowtail with a white disk bearing a blue P.
Joe McMillan
, 14 November 2001


Polish American Navigation Co.

[Polish America Navigation Company]  by Grzegorz Skrukwa

Polish American Navigation Co, New York (1919-23) (Source: verbal description in North Atlantic Seaway IV:1557)
This was a line put together after World War I as a surrogate national line as the newly independent Republic of Poland was getting on its feet. A version of this flag is one of several proposed designs for a Polish merchant ensign. The flag was white with a red lozenge bearing an white eagle. Polish American was a US-flag carrier during its short existence.
Joe McMillan, 14 November 2001


Pope and Talbot Steamship Co.

[Pope and Talbot Steamship Company] by Jarig Bakker, based on the website of the National Maritime Museum.

From the website of the National Maritime Museum, "the house flag of Pope and Talbot Inc, San Francisco. A white rectangular flag showing a blue printed star in the centre bearing a white disc with the red letters 'PT'. There is a blue stitched inscription 'POPE & TALBOT' below. The flag is made of cotton fabric and is machine sewn. A rope is attached."
Jarig Bakker, 24 August 2004

[Pope and Talbot Steamship Company] by Jarig Bakker

Loughran (1979) has the flag with just the logo.
Jarig Bakker, 24 August 2004


Portland & Asiatic Steamship Co.

[Portland and Steamship Company]  by Joe McMillan

Portland & Asiatic Steamship Co, Portland, Oregon (Source: 1909 supplement to Flaggenbuch (1905))
The Portland & Asiatic was a subsidiary of the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company, which was owned in turn by the Oregon Short Line Railroad, which in its turn was owned by the Union Pacific Railroad. It ran from Portland to San Francisco and thence to the Far East. A rather Soviet-looking flag: red with a white inverted star, with a double red and white border, and a white frame running inside the edges of the flag.
Joe McMillan
, 14 November 2001


Pringle Transit Company

[Pringle Transit Company] image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 17 July 2007

The flag is a 3' x 5' swallowtail burgee with a red field around a white diamond, and a blue "P" inside the diamond. Pringle Transit is a subsidiary of Oglebay Norton.
Les Weston, 2 February 2007

I tried to find some information about this bygone firm, keeping in mind that Pringle's mother company, Oglebay Norton, has also disappeared in the meantime. Pringle Transit Co. was a subsidiary of Oglebay Norton, dissolved in 1994. Comment on the Boatnerd site by Brian Ferguson:

"In 1975 management of the Thayer and Roesch changed hands to the Oglebay Norton Company. This was no simple task as the unlicensed crewmembers on the two vessels belonged to the Seafarers International Union. Oglebay Norton's Columbia Transportation Division houses their employees under Local 5000 of the Steelworkers. Rather then attempting to merge the unions, a subsidiary was made to operate the vessels under, and in 1975 the sisters were put under the management of Pringle Transit, although realistically the same group that operated Columbia managed them."

On the same issue, following contemporary quote from on-line Scanner v.8, n.1 (Oct. 1975) – Monthly News Bulletin of the Toronto Marine Historical Society:

(Pringle Transit Co.) "has been formed especially for the occasion and takes its name from the former Pringle Barge Line, an Oglebay Norton affiliate which ran coal from Toledo to Detroit. (…) The (William R., jm) ROESCH and (Paul, jm) THAYER have been given the traditional Oglebay Norton hull and cabin colours but the funnels, instead of the Columbia star design, bear the old Pringle (P-Ring-Gull) insignia in white on a maroon background."

I have been unable to find when the Pringle Barge Line was founded but the oldest trace I found was 1914; company seat was Cleveland. In 1957 the firm, with several others, was merged into the newly named Oglebay Norton Co.:
Jan Mertens, 6 February 2007

Following yesterday’s message (see this image) showing the funnel marking, the question being of course whether this design was also used on a house flag – possibly white emblem on maroon ground. The purpose of this post is to put up the company logo, hoping that it will help identify Pringle – Barge Line or not – when a flag does show up.
Jan Mertens, 7 February 2007


Prudential Steamship Corp.

[Prudential Steamship Company]  by Joe McMillan

Prudential Steamship Corp, New York (1933-?) (Source: U.S. Navy)
Prudential Lines, which focused throughout its history on service between the United States and the Mediterranean, was founded by Stephan Stephanidis, a Greek immigrant, in 1933 as a tramp steamer company with one antiquated freighter. During World War II Prudential was one of the general agents operating ships for the War Shipping Administration and seemed positioned to become a more major presence in the industry after the war. But a series of managerial blunders kept it perpetually on the brink of bankruptcy from the mid-50s to the late 90s. As far as I can tell, it is no longer is business, but I'm not sure what happened to it or exactly when. It was apparently teetering on the edge of extinction in 1998 when Rene de la Pedraja included it in his Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Merchant Marine. The flag was red with a white cross, on the center of the cross a white P on a small blue diamond.
Joe McMillan, 14 November 2001

[Prudential Steamship Corp]   [Prudential Steamship Corp] by Jarig Bakker

Prudential Steamship Corporation. By the early 1960s Lloyds is showing it as Prudential Lines Inc. and apparently around 1970 it merged with Grace Lines Inc. to form Prudential-Grace Line Inc. but within a couple of years the name apparently reverted back to Prudential Lines Inc. Of its last three ships it sold the barge carrier [lash ship] in 1989 whilst the two general cargo ships arrived at the shipbreakers in 1991 although by then they were owned by Vessels Charters Inc. indicating that Prudential had sold them earlier, possibly chartering them back. Prior to the merger, around 1968, there had been a flag change to a blue pennant with a large yellow "P" which was used as the basis for the flag for Prudential-Grace Line Inc. which saw what is described as a yellow outlinedstar [of 4 points] radiating from the "P" to the flag edges. These flags are shown by Loughran 1979 whilst Styring in Brown 1978 notes the last changes but describes the flag "P" as being white, and makes no mention of the earlier 1968 change, continuing to show the original version as still operating up until the merger.
Neale Rosanoski, 31 March 2004


Puerto Rico Towing & Barge Co.

[Puerto Rico Towing & Barge Company]  by Jarig Bakker

This company is part of Great Lakes Group. The flag is red charged with a green diamond and white PRT.
Source: http://www.thegreatlakesgroup.com/puerto.htm
Dov Gutterman, 11 October 2003


Puget Sound Freight Line Inc.

[Puget Sound Freight Line Inc.] image by Jarig Bakker, 5 February 2006

Puget Sound Freight Line Inc., Seattle, Wa - flag quartered red and white; on red white "PS"; on white a black truck and tug.
Source: Loughran (1995)
Jarig Bakker, 5 February 2006


Puget Sound Navigation Co. (Black Ball Transport)

[Puget Sound Navigation Company]  by Joe McMillan

Puget Sound Navigation Co, Seattle (1913-present)  (Source: Stewart, 1953)
The grandson of the original Black Ball Line founder bought this company in 1927 and modified the Black Ball Line flag to a Black Disc on a Red flag. Black Ball Transport Co. had been created in 1913 by merging several earlier Puget Sound ferry companies and by 1935 had a virtual monopoly. By 1949, it was operating 23 ships transporting vehicles, freight, and passengers within the Puget Sound. In 1951, the State of Washington bought out the entire Puget Sound route system except for the line connecting Port Angeles, Washington and Victoria, British Columbia. The Black Ball Transport still operates a single ship (M.V. Coho) between Port Angeles and Vancouver. The company is now known as Black Ball Transport Inc. In 2004 Black Ball Transport ownership was transferred to the University of Oregon Foundation.

Basis/Backup links:
http://cohoferry.com/main 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Ball_Transport
http://www.canada.com/victoriatimescolonist
Ken Bennett, 6 April 2008

At http://cohoferry.com/main, the history is lacking as it appears to indicate that the company formed in 1928 whereas formation as a subsidiary of Alaska Steamship Co. was made in 1898. The link http://www.tacomascene.com/kalakala/black_ball_line/black_ball_line.html appears to give a reasonable history of the company and about the adoption of the flag in 1928 by Alexander Peabody who took over control of the company following the death of his father. As Ken states the ferry operations were sold in 1951 but this was apart from the Canadian section which continued until 1961 as Black Ball Ferries Ltd. for whom I earlier today forwarded details as they were the one who continued to use this flag.

The connection with Black Ball Transport Inc. made here is misleading – again refer to my comments on this company which did not have a legal connection but can be said to have been inspired thereby. So whilst the Black Ball name does continue this flag version does not as Black Ball Transport Inc. adds the white edging to the black ball though I guess it is thin enough to miss at a distance which may explain why Brown (1982) shows this flag instead.
Neale Rosanoski, 12 October 2009


Pure Oil Co.

[Pure Oil Company]   [Pure Oil Company]  by Joe McMillan, 14 November 2001

Pure Oil Company, Chicago (1895-?)
The Pure Oil Company was originally established in Pennsylvania but later moved its headquarters to Chicago. Its main marketing area was in the Midwest and its tanker operations therefore were predominantly on the Great Lakes and the Midwestern rivers. I have found two flags:
The first image (Source: www.steamship.net (no longer available)) is divided per saltire, red and white, with a blue rectangle on the center bearing the white initials POC.
The second image (Source: U.S. Navy) is white with the corporate logo in blue.
Joe McMillan, 14 November 2001


US shipping lines house flags - 'Q, R' continued