- AFFRONTANT (or AFFRONTÉ)
- In heraldry see ‘respectant’.
Flag and Arms of Marrum/Westernijkerk, The Netherlands (fotw
- 1) The heraldic term used when the head of a beast or a man is shown facing the observer – but see ‘caboshed’ and 2) below (also ‘respectant’ and ‘guardant’).
- 2) The heraldic term also used when a charge, such as a helmet, house or ship, is shown with
its front towards the observer.
Flag and Arms of Møre og Romsdal, Norway (fotw &
Flag and Arms of Strizivojna, Croatia (fotw);
Flag and Arms of Hersberg, Switzerland (fotw &
Wikipedia); Flag of
With regard to 1) please note this term is not to be confused with affrontant
– see ‘respectant’ and its following note in ‘appendix V’.
- A term sometimes (incorrectly) used in place of the heraldic term inflamed or its alternatives – see
Arms and Flag of Vimeiro, Portugal (Sergio Horta)
- AFTER SPAN
- The line nearest the stern upon which signal flags are displayed when a vessel is dressed overall -
see ‘dressing lines’,
‘dress ship, to 1)’ and
‘dress ship, to 4)’.
- AFRO-AMERICAN FLAG (or COLORS/COLOURS)
- See ‘Garvey colours’.
Marcus Garvey’s Flag 1917 (fotw); An Afro-American Flag (Tomislav Todorovic)
- AGNUS DEI
- A Latin term meaning the Lamb of God - this is sometimes shown with a halo or nimbus around its head, but always holding
a crossed staff or crosier (and often decorated with a flag or banner) – the Holy Lamb or Lamb of God
(see also ‘nimbus’).
Flag of Kunovice, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag of Gotland, Sweden (fotw);
Arms and flag of Preston, UK (fotw); Arms and Flag of Knin, Croatia (fotw)
- Loops of ornamental braided cord with tassels, and worn from the right or left shoulder
of (usually but not invariably) military uniforms to signify a special status or service –
see ‘flag adjutant’
‘dress knot’) and
Officers of the Household Cavalry, UK (Wikipedia)
- AIR (or AIRCRAFT) RECOGNITION DEVICE(S)
- See ‘fin flash’ and ‘roundel 1)’
(also ‘aircraft marking(s)’).
Roundel and Fin flash, Greece (fotw)
- AIR FORCE/AIRFORCE FLAG (or AIR FORCE/AIRFORCE ENSIGN/COLOUR)
- See ‘branch of service flag’
(also ‘armed services flag’,
‘class flag’ and
Air Force Flag, Belarus (fotw);
Air Force Ensign, UK (fotw);
Air Force Flag, US (fotw);
Air Force Colour, Croatia (fotw);
Air Force Ensign, South Africa (fotw)
- AIR MAIL (or AIRMAIL) FLAG (or PENNANT)
- A flag or pennant, now obsolete, originally designed to fly (sometimes alongside a civil air ensign)
from an aircraft carrying mail (see also ‘postal flag’ and
‘civil air ensign’)
US Air mail Flag (Joe Macmillan); Royal Air Mail Pennant, UK (fotw)
- AIRCRAFT INSIGNIA
- 1) Specifically in US military usage, the term that refers to markings of
identification on the tail plane/fin of primarily (but not exclusively)
military aircraft (see also
2) Generically see ‘aircraft marking(s)’.
Aircraft Insignia/Markings, Guatemala (fotw); Aircraft Insignia/Markings,
Panama (fotw); Aircraft Insignia/Markings,
Croatia (fotw & Wikipedia)
Please note with regard to 1), that US military aircraft have not carried a fin
flash - an emblem of national identity - on their tail planes since 1942 –
see ‘fin flash’
Aircraft Insignia/Markings 1919 - 1943, USAF (Wikipedia)
- AIRCRAFT MARKING(S)
- In UK and some other usage, a collective term for the markings of nationality and
identification on the wings, fuselage and tail plane/fin of primarily (but not exclusively)
military aircraft – but see ‘fin flash’
and ‘roundel 1)’ (also
‘aircraft insignia’ above,
‘fuselage markings 1)’,
‘victory markings’ and
‘wing marking(s) 1))’).
Roundel and Fin Flash for Combat Aircraft, UK; Roundel and Fin Flash, France c1917;
Roundel and Fin Flash, Dominican Republic (fotw)
- AIRFIELD (or AIRPORT) SAFETY (or AIRFIELD/AIRPORT CONSTRUCTION) FLAG
- In largely US usage the square, orange and white-checkered safety flag mandated by the
US Federal Aviation Administration for the marking of construction vehicles and jobsite
obstructions/hazards at airports. (see also ‘checky’).
- AIRLINE FLAG
- See ‘corporate flag’.
Flag of Qantas, Australia (fotw); Flag of LOT Airline, Poland c1930 – c1940 (Miles Li);
Pennant of ČLS Airline, Czechoslovakia 1927 – 1938 (Miles li)
- A heraldic term used when the windows and gateway of a fortified building are in the same tincture as
the field – see
Flag of the Balearic Islands, Spain (fotw); Flag of
Palau-Sator, Spain (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Borba, Portugal (Klaus-Michael Schneider)
Please note that this term has a wider use than is detailed above, and the Editors recommend that a heraldic dictionary be consulted if further details are required.