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Dictionary of Vexillology: F (Flag Patch - Flagship)

Last modified: 2013-12-15 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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FLAG PATCH
A small representation of a flag sewn or otherwise fixed onto an item of clothing, usually but not invariably on the upper sleeve, and often used by military personnel – a shoulder patch.

FLAG PATRON
In largely Central European usage, a term for that person who provided funding for the production of a ceremonial flag, or is otherwise being honoured by the organization whose flag it is – but see ‘consecration’ with its following note (also ‘ceremonial flag 1)’).

FLAG PIN
See ‘lapel flag 1)’.

[flag pin] [flag pin]
Two flag pins (worldflags4u)


FLAG PLATE
1) A single illustration or series of illustrations (almost invariably coloured) on a single page (or pages) which is printed separately (for reasons of production cost) and inserted into an otherwise completed book of textual information (see also ‘flag book’ and ‘flag chart’).
2) A term that may be used to describe those rigid plates that may replace the equivalent signal flags in some European regulations for inland navigation (see also ‘signal flags’).
3) See ‘rank plate’.
4) A term sometimes incorrectly used to describe a piece of tableware, often (but not invariably) produced by shipping companies, that bears the illustration of a flag.

FLAG PLEDGE
See ‘flag salute’.

FLAG POLE (or FLAGPOLE)
The post of wood, metal or a synthetic material upon which a flag is hoisted by means of a halyard, - a flag mast or flag staff, but see ‘outrigger pole’ (also ‘cone tapered’, ‘finial’, ‘halyard’, ‘Venetian entasis taper’ and ‘truck’).

Please note however, that the terms flag staff, flag mast and flagpole may be considered as interchangeable, but that mast and staff when used alone have specific meanings (see also ‘mast 1)’, ‘staff 1)’ and ‘staff 2)’).


FLAG PROPOSAL
The term which covers any flag suggested as an alternative to a design currently used, or one of those designs from which the choice of a new flag is to be made, or for a design that has been so proposed in the past but never accepted, (see also ‘ausflag’ and ‘flag design competition’).

flag proposal - Minnesota flag proposal - Australia flag proposal - Bahamas flag proposal - Cyprus
Proposal for a New Flag of Minnesota, 2002, USA (fotw); Rejected Change to the National Flag of Australia, 1997 (fotw); Rejected Design for the National Flag of The Bahamas, 1973 (fotw); Rejected Change to the National Flag of Cyprus, 2004 (fotw)


FLAG PROTOCOL
See ‘flag etiquette’ (also ‘Appendix II’).

FLAG RANK
See ‘flag officer’ and its following note.

Flag rank example Flag rank example Flag rank example Flag rank example
Rear Admiral (Lower Half, Rear Admiral (Upper Half), Vice Admiral and Admiral, South Korea (fotw)


FLAG SAIL
A term for the occasional practice of creating (or illustrating) a sail in the form of an appropriate national (or possibly provincial) flag or ensign (see also ‘armorial sail’).

Flag sail example
The National Flag of Canada as a square sail (Željko Heimer)

Please note that this term has been introduced by the Editors as no established alternative could be found.


FLAG SALUTE
1) An oath of allegiance through a ceremony involving the national flag – flag pledge. Flag salutes are required of military personnel in most countries, but when done by civilians, it is usually (but not invariably) out of custom.
2) A term also sometimes used to indicate a salute made with a flag – as in for example - a merchant vessel dipping its flag to a warship (see also ‘dipping’).
3) See ‘salute to the flag’.

FLAG SIGNALS
See 'signal hoist'.

[colour belt example] [colour belt example] [colour belt example]
US4 (Uniform-Sierra-4) in The International Code of Signal Flags or “nothing can be done until the weather moderates” (fotw)


FLAG SLING
See 'flag belt'.

[colour belt example]
Flag Sling/Belt According to Spanish Regulations (Reglamento de Banderas Actualizado)


FLAG SPREADER
In largely (but not exclusively) US usage a metal implement designed to ensure that an indoor flag is properly displayed when hung from a vertical, freestanding pole (see also ‘indoor flag’ and ‘tangle rod’).

[flag spreader example]
Gettysburgflag.com


FLAG STAFF (or FLAGSTAFF)
See ‘flagpole’ (also ‘mast 1)’, ‘staff 1)’, and ‘staff 2)’).

Please note that the terms flagstaff, flag mast and flagpole may be considered as interchangeable, but that mast and staff when used alone have specific meanings.


FLAG STATE
The country in which a vessel or aircraft is registered, documented or licensed, and whose flag it is entitled to display.

FLAG-ON-A-FLAG (FLAG-ON-FLAG or FOF)
A term used when one or more of the main charges on a flag (usually but not invariably part of a coat of arms or emblem) include the depiction of another flag or flags forming an integral part of the design - a flag-on-flag (see also ‘coat of arms 1)’ and ‘emblem’).

examples of flags on flags (with some arms represented)
From left: National Flag and Arms of Ecuador (fotw); National Flag and Arms of Haiti (fotw); National Flag of South Africa 1928 – 1994 (fotw)

Please note that this category does not include those flags or ensigns whose canton consists of another flag (such as the British or Indian red ensigns) and for which the term canton flags should be used (see ‘canton flag’).


FLAG-TOSSING
A sport and folk custom, particularly of Italy and Switzerland, in which flags are twirled and tossed in the air – a survival and extension of the standard 17th Century military practice of postures (see also ‘palio’ and ‘postures’).

Please note that an unrelated local ceremony of flourishing flags, called casting the colours, occurs annually in Selkirk, Scotland.


FLAG-WAVING
Use of the national flag, literally or figuratively to justify actions or principles, or to excite patriotic fervour.

FLAGHEIGHT
See ‘width 1)’.

[flag height]


FLAGLET
The term sometimes used to describe a miniature flag - but see ‘car flag’, ‘handwaver’ and ‘table flag’.

Please note that the Editors consider this term too generic to be useful, and that the more precise descriptions given above are to be preferred in description.


FLAGOID
A recently coined, term which is used to describe the illustration of a flag, or of a flag-like object, which is not intended to represent any flag in actual use, but which has the backing of some credible source and/or which employs a widely recognized emblem as part of its design – but see ‘fictional flag’ and ‘fictitious flag’. For example the official coat of arms of the Mexican province of Hidalgo includes the national flag of Mexico and a flagoid (a non-existent blue rectangular version of the Guadeloupe processional banner known to have been in use c1810).

[flagoid example]
The Arms of Hidalgo, Mexico (fotw)


FLAGPOLE PENNANT
A direct translation of the Dutch term vlaggestok wimpel) - see ‘wimpel 1)’ and ‘wimpel 2)’ (also ‘provincial wimpel’).

[flagpole pennnant]
Flagpole Pennant/Wimpel of Harlingen, The Notherlands (fotw)


FLAGS
1) In US naval usage, a traditional nickname for signalmen whose duties include the display and care of signal flags and ensigns – but see ‘bunting tosser’ (also ‘flag bag’ and ‘yeoman of signals’).
2) In British Royal Navy and some other usage, a traditional nickname for the flag lieutenant – see ‘flag lieutenant’.

FLAGS AND FUNNELS
The phrase used to describe a (usually illustrated) list of distinguishing flags or pennants as detailed in ‘house flag 1)’, and the sometimes matching funnel liveries shown by ships of that company.

flag - Hawkes Bay H.B. 1986, New Zealand funnel - Hawkes Bay H.B. 1986, New Zealand flag - Luigi Pittaluga 1940 funnel - Luigi Pittaluga 1940 flag - Giovanni Gavarone 1940 funnel - Giovanni Gavarone 1940 flag - Tolani Shipping Co., India funnel - Tolani Shipping Co., India 
House Flags and Funnels: Hawkes Bay H.B. 1986, New Zeeland (CS); Luigi Pittaluga 1940, Italy (CS); James Deane and Co., Australia 1885 (CS); Tolani Shipping Co., India (CS)


FLAGSHIP
A naval vessel flying the flag of a flag officer or the broad pennant of a commodore (see also ‘broad pennant’, ‘flag captain’, ‘flag lieutenant’, ‘flag of command 1)’ and ‘flag officer’).

Please note that in British RN and some other usage, a naval vessel in commission which does not carry an officer described above is a ‘private ship’ (see also ‘command pennant’, ‘masthead pennant 1)’ and ‘private ship’).


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