- NAIANT (or NATANT)
- See ‘appendix V’.
Flag of Nyon, Switzerland (fotw)
- NAIL (or NAILING) ONES COLOURS (COLORS or FLAG) TO THE MAST
- In British RN and some other usage, the term (employed as a metaphor for taking an
irrevocable action) which refers to a ships ensign being nailed to the mast before or during
an engagement at sea, thus making it impossible to strike (or lower) it in surrender
(see also strike).
- NAILS (or NAILING)
- 1) (n) One means by which a colour or parade flag is sometimes fixed – often by a precisely regulated number of nails -
to its staff (see also ‘colour 2)’, ‘colours 2)’,
‘parade flag’, ‘sleeve’, ‘tab’ and
- 2) (adj) The act, sometimes ceremonial, of attaching a colour or parade flag to is its staff by nails.
- A frequent misspelling of the heraldic term naiant see naiant in Appendix V:.
- NAISSANT (or NASCENT)
- The heraldic term for a charge or figure emerging from the side of a shield, banner of arms or a flag,
or the centre of an ordinary – nascent – but see ‘issuant’ with following note (also
banner of arms and ‘ordinary’).
Flag of Chavannes-sur-Moudon, Switzerland (fotw); Arms
and Flag of Makarska, Croatia (fotw)
- NAME PENNANT
- The term for a flag or pennant that bears the name of a ship or possibly
a shipping company or an institution – an
The John Gibson, Barque, Nova Scotia, 1875 (fotw)
a) The (often unofficial) practice
of flying such a flag or pennant aboard ship began in the 19th Century, and could
now be largely (but certainly not entirely) obsolete.
b) The practice of displaying a name pennant is continued by some universities
in the US - particularly at sporting venues (see also
‘institutional flags (unofficial)’
and ‘sports flag 2)’).
- NARROW PENNANT
- See ‘masthead pendant’.
Narrow/Masthead Pennant of Norway (fotw)
- See ‘naiant’ in appendix V.
Flag of Fischenthal, Switzerland (fotw)
- NATIONAL ARMS (or COAT OF ARMS)
- See ‘state arms’ under
National Arms of Venezuela
- NATIONAL BANNER
- See ‘banner 8)’.
- NATIONAL COLOUR (or COLOR)
- 1) See ‘colour 2)’.
- 2) Where only one colour is selected (generally one appearing on the flag)
to be the national colour, as in for example the Rhododendron Red of
National Colour (Army and Air Force), US (fotw)
- NATIONAL COLOURS (or COLORS)
- 1) A plural form of ‘colour 2)’.
- 2) Usually the two or three principal colours of a national flag - for example,
the blue, white and red / red, white and blue of France and the US, or the red and white of Poland - landesfarben (see
‘roundel 1)’, sash
‘state colours 3)’).
National Colours of Italy, the US, France and Poland
Please note with regard to 2) that the colours concerned need not necessarily be those of the relevant national flag,
as in for example, the green chosen by Slovenia or the Australian national sporting colours of green and gold.
- NATIONAL FLAG
- 1) A flag that represents an independent state, especially a nation-state.
- 2) A flag of a formerly independent state or of a non-independent national
group (see also ‘tribal flag’)
- 3) That flag which is generally thought of as representing a state when specific
circumstances of display are not considered – for example, some flag books might give
a plain tricolour with stars as the national flag of Venezuela, whilst others may
show the flag with arms as illustrated below (see also ‘tricolour 1)’).
Former National Flag of Tibet (fotw); Flags With and Without Arms,
Venezuela (fotw) and
a) In some countries the national
flag is available for use by all citizens. In other countries, however, the national
flag is restricted to official use by law or custom, with a variant of it as a
civil flag for use by private citizens.
b) The national flag
may have other variants with specific uses on land and/or sea, and that these
are herein listed separately according to type (see also those flags listed under
‘ensign’, as well as
‘civil flag’, ‘jack’,
‘state flag’ and
- NATIONAL ORNAMENT
- A decorative strip (usually placed along he hoist of a flag) intended to represent
a folk or traditional element of national culture, and particularly prevalent
among Eastern Slavic and Siberian states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan and Mariy
National Flag of Kazakhstan (fotw); National Flag of
Belarus (fotw); Flag of
Mariy El, Russian Federations (fotw)
- NATIONAL PENNANT (or WIMPEL)
- See wimpel 1).
The National Pennant/Wimpel of Norway (fotw & CS)
- NATIONAL SYMBOLS
- Those things, often established by law, which have been adopted as being symbolic of a
country, these may include the national flag, national coat of arms, emblem or seal, the
national colours, the national anthem and possibly a plant, fruit, animal and/or a bird etc
(see also national colours 2) and
state symbols 2)).
Some National Symbols of India: National Flag, National Emblem, National Animal Tiger, National Bird - Peacock and National Flower - Lotus (fotw and Official Website)
- NATIONALLY-CANTONED FLAG
- See ‘canton flag’.
Joint Service Flag, Jordan
- See ‘proper’.
Arms and Flag of New York, US (fotw)
- NAVAL CROWN
- A crown generally (but not exclusively) formed from the sterns and square
sails of ships placed upon a circle or fillet, and loosely based on an ancient
Roman triumphal ornament of the same name (see also
‘mural crown’ and
From left: UK (Parker), Italy (free.vector)
- NAVAL ENSIGN
- See under ‘ensign’.
Naval Ensign of Croatia (fotw)
- NAVAL FLAG/PENNANT
- 1) Generically any flag or pennant used in a solely naval environment.
- 2) Specifically flags such as jacks, masthead pennants, signal flags, rank flags and ensigns,
except where the latter is also the national flag/war flag, flown exclusively by naval vessels and
naval shore establishments (see also
‘naval ensign’ under
and ‘suit of colours’).
Naval Jack of Spain (fotw); Naval Ensign of
Signal Flag Numeral 1 in the RN/USN/NATO Code;
Flag of Naval Group Commander, Morocco (fotw)
Please note that the Editors consider the generic
definition in 1) as too broad to be employed with any accuracy and that the various flags/pennants
listed in definition 2) and defined separately herein, should be preferred in description.
- NAVY FLAG
- See ‘branch of service flag’
(also ‘armed services flag’).
Navy Flag, Thailand (fotw);
Navy Flag, The Philippines (fotw)
- (adj.) The heraldic term for a sharply undulating line of division on a shield, banner or arms or a flag,
or the edge of an ordinary such as a fess or chevron, and intended to represent clouds – but see note below
(also banner of arms, ‘fess, chevron 1)’ and
Flag of Buochs, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Tartar, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Groesbeek, The Netherlands (fotw)
Please note that this term is not to be confused with unde,
undy or wavy – see ‘wavy’
- See ‘embroider’
- A type of single-masted, medieval trading vessel (usually shown with fore and aft castles as equipped for war) – but see
‘lymphad’ and its following note.
Flag of Hauts-de-Seine, France (fotw)
- NETTLE LEAF
- In Continental (often but not exclusively German) heraldry, a term for the (usually) white
charge that is reputed to be a development of the zig-zag border (see also serrated 1)).
Flag and Arms of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany (fotw); Flag of
Kiel, Germany (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Pinneberg, Germany (fotw)
- The heraldic term for being depicted wearing a halo see ‘nimbus’
Flag and Arms of kabrnje, Croatia (fotw); Flag of
Saint-Cierges, Switzerland (fotw)
- The heraldic term for a halo, the aura (or circle of light) that surrounds
the head in the representation of a saint or of a holy animal see
and Eye of God).
Flag of Titterten, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of the
Veneto Region, Italy; Flag and Arms of
Kastav, Croatia (fotw); Flag of Glarus, Switzerland (fotw)
- See ‘daimyo flags’
- The French for black and sometimes (mistakenly) used instead of the correct heraldic term sable – see ‘sable’.
- NORDIC CROSS
- See ‘Scandinavian cross’.
National Flag of Iceland (fotw)
- NORTH-EAST DIAGONAL
- A diagonal stripe running from the upper fly edge to the lower hoist corner, whose corners may or
may not touch the corners of the flag but whose width is contained within the length of the flag at its
top edge and the width of the flag at its fly (see also
and ‘west-south diagonal’).
Flag of Nýrov, Czech Republic (fotw)
Please note that this term, whilst an extension of those existing and
established, has been introduced by the editors.
- NORTH-SOUTH DIAGONAL
- A diagonal stripe that runs from the upper hoist to the lower fly, and whose
corners generally (but not invariably) touch the corners of the flag but whose width is entirely contained within
the length of the flag – an enhanced bend - see ‘bend (also
and ‘west-south diagonal’).
National Flag of Trinidad and Tobago (fotw);
Flag of Arco-Νris, Brazil (Ivan Sache);
Glorinha, Brazil (fotw)
- NUMBER FLAG
- See 'insurance flag'.
- NUMERAL (or NUMERIC SIGNAL) FLAG
- Any one of a set of straight-sided flags of simple design representing the
numerals zero to nine, and used in some naval flag signal codes a numeric signal flag (see also
'numeral pennant' and
Numeral Flags 0 – 3 in the RN/USN/NATO Code of Naval Signals (fotw)
- NUMERAL PENNANT
- Any one of a set of tapered square-ended pennants (or trapezoids) of simple design representing
the numerals zero to nine, and used in the International Code of Signal flags
as well as some naval flag signal codes (see also
‘International Code of Signal Flags’,
Numeral Pennants 0 to 3 in the International Code of Signals (CS)