Last modified: 2016-08-18 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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The Royal Arms and Standard, Spain 1971 – 2014 (fotw); Royal Standard for Use at Sea, Egypt 1922 – 1953 (fotw); Royal Standard, Italy 1880 – 1946 (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Chénens, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)
Examples of Colonel’s Colours, English c1641 (fotw, Željko Heimer, CS and fotw)
From left: Government Ensign of British Honduras 1919–1981 (fotw); Civil Ensign of French Morocco 1919-1956; Proposed Flag of German Cameroon c1910 (fotw); Flag of the Portuguese Colonial Governor General c1912–1975 (fotw)
Please note that whilst a number of countries still possess territory overseas, the term “colony” (therefore colonial) is no longer used, with the areas concerned being named a dependent and/or overseas territory, overseas department or similar, or are considered an integral part of the motherland.
From left: Falklands Islands (fotw); Saba and Curacao; French Polynesia (fotw)
From left: Blue Jack and Ensign of The Bahamas 1904 – 1923 (CS and fotw); Blue Jack and Ensign of Sierra Leone 1889 – 1914 (CS and fotw); Jack of HM Royal Indian Navy 1934 – 1947 (fotw)
Please note that the term “colony” (therefore colonial) is no longer used, but that vessels belonging to the governing authorities of a British dependent territory are still entitled to wear a square blue jack defaced with the arms or badge of that territory, however, it is not known whether any actually do so at the present time.
Queen’s Colour and Regimental Colour, 1st Battalion of The Black Watch, UK (Graham Bartram)
a) There are basically three ways involving a sleeve by which a parade flag or military colour may be affixed to its staff - with decorative nails (often a precisely regulated number of nails), by grommet and clip or by tab and hook. However:
b) The practice of tying a colour to its staff, or attaching it by cloth loops or metal rings is still occasionally seen (see also ‘grommet 1)’, ‘nails’, ‘ring 4)’, ‘sleeve 2)’, 'tab' and ‘ties’).
c) Please note with regard to 3) that the flags of various non-governmental or semi-governmental organizations, whilst often being given the reverence and treatment normally shown to a military colour, should be correctly called parade flags because they do not have the armed guard usually required by such colours.
Colour/Flag Belt According to Spanish Regulations (Reglamento de Banderas Actualizado)
Colour Guard of the French Navy 2008 (Wikipedia)
Please note that whilst a number of systems (international, national and proprietary) for identifying colours by numbers or names are listed separately herein, several (particularly national) systems are not - largely because they receive limited use or that use is apparently restricted to their countries of origin (see also ‘British Colour Code’, 'Cable Number', ‘CMYK’, ‘International Colour Code’ and ‘Pantone Matching System’).
Color Sergeant Army, US (Wikipedia)
Please note that in British military usage this rank, now partially obsolete, had and has (as far as can be discovered) no specific duties connected with escorting or guarding the colour or colours. Historically however, the senior sergeants within any battalion or regiment (for whom the rank was originally instituted) could have such a duty.
Reverse and Obverse of Military Colours, France 1852 – 1853 (fotw); National Flag/Naval Jack and Civil Ensign, UK (fotw); Naval Jack and Naval Ensign, Croatia (fotw); National Flag/National Ensign, US (fotw)
Please note, that in military forces where it is customary for some or all units to carry a pair of colours, the first of these colours now generally represents the head of state or the state itself and is known - depending on the country concerned - as the king's, queen's, sovereign's, royal, national, president's, presidential, or state colour. The second represents the unit itself and is known as the regimental, battalion, squadron, organizational, or unit colour. The first type of colour is generally (but not invariably) based on the design of the national flag, and in a few cases (such as in the British and Canadian regiments of foot guards) it is the regimental colour that derives from the design of the national flag. In addition, in some countries a single distinctive colour carried by some military forces (such as the British Royal Navy or the Indian Air Force) may be designated as a sovereign's (king's, queen's) or president's colour.
National Flag of Egypt 1958 – 1972 (fotw)
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